A-Z of Coin Inscriptions



    Deo et Caesare From God and the Emperor (Frankfurt).


    A Domino Factum est Istud et est Mirabile in Oculis Nostris This is the Lord’s doing and it is marvellous in our eyes (England. Mary).

    A Solo lehova Sapientia From God alone comes true wisdom (Wittgenstein).

    Ad Inimicis Meis Libera Me Deus Free me from enemies (Burgundy).

    Ad Legem Conventionis According to the law of ‘he Convention (Furstenberg).

    Ad Normam Conventionis According to the standard of the Convention (Prussia).

    Ad Palmam Pressa Laeturo Resurgo Pressed to the palm I rise more joyfully (Wittgenstein).

    Ad Usam Luxemburgi CC Vallati For the use of the besieged Luxembourgers (Luxembourg siege coins).

    Adiuva Nos Deus Salutaris Noster Help us, O God. our Saviour (Lorraine).

    Adventus Optimi Principis The coming of the noblest prince (Papacy).

    Aes Usibus Aptius Auro Bronze in its uses is more suitable than gold (Brazil).

    Aeternum Meditans Decus An ornament intended for all time (Alencon).

    Inserviendo Consumor I spend my life devoted to others (Brunswick-Wolfenbuttel).

    Aliis Mit Bedacht All with reflection (Brunswick).

    Amor Populi Praesidium Regis The love of the People is the king’s protection (England. Charles

    AnG Fra Dorn Hib & Aquit (King) of England and France. Lord of Ireland and Aquitaine (England. Edward III).

    Anno Regni Primo In the first year of the reign (Britain, edge inscription on crowns).

    APres les Tenebres la Lumiere After the shadows, the light (Geneva).

    Archangelus Michael Archangel Michael (Italy. Grimoald IV)

    Ardua ad Gloriam Via Struggles are the way to glory (Waldeck).

    Arte Mea Bis lustus Moneta Lud lust By my art

    I am twice the just coin of King Louis (France, 1641).

    Aspera Oblectant Wild places delight (Nassau- Weilburg).

    Aspice Pisas Sup Omnes Specio Behold the coin of Pisa, superior to all (Pisa).

    Audiatur Altera Pars Let the other part be heard (Stavelot).

    Auf Gott Trawe Ich In God I trust (Brunswick).

    Ausen Gefaesen der Kirchen und Burger From the vessels of the Church and citizens (Frankfurt siege, 1796).

    Auspicio Regis et Senatus Angliae By authority of the king and parliament of England (East India Company).

    Auxilio fortissimo Dei With the strongest help of God (Mecklenburg).

    Auxilium de Sanctio Aid from the sanctuary (Papacy).

    Auxilium Meum a Dno Qui Fecit Celum e Terram My help comes from God who made heaven and earth (Portugal).

    Beata Tranquillatis Blessed tranquillity (Rome, Licinius II).

    Beatus Qui Speravit in dom Blessed is he who has hoped in the Lord (Mansfeld).

    Benedic Haereditati Tuae Blessings on your inheritance (Savoy).

    Benedicta Sit Sancta Trinitas Blessed be the Holy Trinity (Albon).

    Benedictio Domini Divites Facit The blessing of the Lord makes the rich (Teschen).

    Benedictus Qui Venit in Nomine Domini Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord (Flanders).

    Beschaw das Ziel Sage Nicht Viel Consider the matter but say little (Quedlinburg).

    Besser Land und Lud Verloren als ein Falscher A id Geschworn Better to lose land and wealth than swear a false oath (Hesse).

    Bey Gott ist Rath und That With God is counsel and deed (Mansfeld).

    Britanniarum Regina Queen of the Britains (Britain, Victoria).

    Britt Omn Rex King of all the Britains (i.e. Britain and the overseas dominions) (Britain, 1902-52).

    Cal et Car Com de Fugger in Zin et Norn Sen & Adm Fam Cajetan and Carl, Counts of Fugger in Zinnenberg and Nordendorf, Lords and Administrators of the Family (Empire, Fugger).

    Candide et Constanter Sincerely and steadfastly (Hesse-Cassel).

    Candide sed Provide Clearly but cautiously (Osterwitz).

    Candore et Amore With sincerity and love (Fulda).

    Candore et Constantia With sincerity and constancy (Bavaria).

    Capit Cath Ecclesia Monasteriensis Chapter of the Cathedral Church of Munster (Munster).

    Capit Eccle Metropolit Colon Chapter of the Metropolitan Church of Cologne (Cologne).

    Capitutum Regnans Sede Vacante Chapter governing, the See being vacant (Eichstadt).

    Carola Magna Ducissa Feliciter

    Regnante Grand Duchess Charlotte, happily reigning (Luxembourg).

    Carolus a Carolo Charles (I) to Charles (II)


    Cedunt Prementi Fata The fates yield to him who presses (Ploen, Hese-Cassel).

    Charitate et Candore With charity and sincerity (East Frisia).

    Charta Magna Bavariae The Great Charter of Bavaria (Bavaria).

    Christo Auspice Regno I reign under the auspices of Christ (England, Charles I).

    Christus Spes Una Salutis Christ is our one hope of salvation (Cleve).

    Chur Mainz Electoral Principality of Mainz (Mainz). Circumeundo Servat et Ornat It serves and decorates by going around (Sweden).

    Civibus Quorum Pietas Coniuratione Die III Mai MDCCXCI Obrutam et Deletam Libertate Polona Tueri Conabatur Respublica Resurgens To the citizens whose piety the resurgent common wealth tried to protect Poland overturned and deprived of liberty by the conspiracy of the third day of May 1791 (Poland).

    Civitas Lucemborgiensis Miilesimum Ovans Expletannum Completing the celebration of a thousand years of the city of Luxembourg (Luxembourg).

    Civium Industria Floret Civitas By the industry of its people the state flourishes (Festival of Britain crown, 1951).

    Cluniaco Cenobio Petrus et Paulus Peter and Paul from the Abbey of Cluny (Cluny).

    Comes Provincie Fili Regis Francie Court of Provence and son of the King of France (Provence).

    Communitas et Senatus Bonon City and senate of Bologna (Bologna).

    Concordia Fratrum The harmony of the brothers (lever).

    Concordia Patriae Nutrix Peace, the nurse of the fatherland (Wal deck).

    Concordia Res Parvae Crescunt Little things increase through harmony (Batavian Republic).

    Concordia Res Parvae Crescunt, Discordia Dilabuntur By harmony little things increase, by discord they fall apart (Lowenstein-Wertheim- Virneburg).

    Concordia Stabili With lasting peace (Hildesheim).

    Confidens Dno Non Movetur He who trusts in God is unmoved (Spanish Netherlands).

    Confidentia in Deo et Vigilantia Trust in God and vigilance (Prussian Asiatic Company).

    Confoederato Helvetica Swiss Confederation (Switzerland)

    Conjuncto Felix Fortunate in his connections (Solms).

    Conservator Urbis Suae Saviour of his city (Rome, 4th century).

    Consilio et Aequitate With deliberation and justice (Fulda).

    Consilio et Virtutis With deliberation and valour (Hesse-Cassel).

    Constanter et Sincere Steadfastly and sincerely (Lautern).

    Crescite et Multiplicamini Increase and multiply (Maryland).

    Cristiana Religio Christian religion (Germany, 11th century).

    Crux Benedicat May the cross bless you (Oldenburg).

    Cuius Cruore Sanati Sumus By His sacrifice are we healed (Reggio).

    Cultores Sui Deus Protegit God protects His followers (England, Charles I).

    Cum Deo et Die (Jure) With God and the day (Wurttemberg).

    Cum Deo et Jure With God and the law (Wurttemberg).

    Cum Deo et Labore With God and work (Wittgenstein).

    Cum His Qui Orderant Pacem Eram Pacificus With those who order peace I was peaceful (Zug).

    Curie Bonthon to so Doulo Protect his servant, o Lord (Byzantine Empire).

    Custos Regni Deus God is the guardian of the kingdom (Naples and Sicily).

    Da Gloriam Deo et Eius Genitrici Marie Give glory to God and His mother Mary (Wurttemberg).

    Da Mihi Virtutem Contra Hostes Tuos Give me valour against mine enemies (Netherlands, Charles V).

    Dat Wort is Fleis Gworden The word is made flesh (Muster).

    Date Caesaris Caesari et Quae Sunt Dei Deo Render unto Caesar the things that are Caesar’s and unto God the things that are God’s (Stralsund).

    De Oficina… From the mint of… (France, medieval).

    Decreto Reipublicae Nexu Confoederationis lunctae Die V Xbris MDCCXCII Stanislao Augusto Regnante By decree of the state in conjunction with the joint federation on the fifth day of December 1792, Stanislaus Augustus ruling (Poland).

    Decus et Tutamen An ornament and a safeguard (Britain, pound).

    Deducet Nos Mirabiliter Dextera Tua Thy right hand will guide us miraculously (Savoy).

    Denarium Terrae Mariae Penny of Maryland (Maryland).

    Deo Conservatori Pacis To God, preserver of peace (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Deo OM Auspice Suaviter et Fortiter sed Luste nec Sibi sed Suis Linder the auspices of God, greatest and best, pleasantly and bravely but justly, not for himself but for his people (Speyer).

    Deo Patriae et Subditio For God, fatherland and neighbourhood (Mainz).

    Der Recht Glaubt In Ewig Lebt Who believes in right will live in eternity (Linange-Westerburg).

    Der Rhein ist Deutschlands Strom Nicht Deutschlands Grenze The Rhine is Germany’s River not Germany’s Frontier.

    Deum Solum Adorabis You will venerate God alone (Hesse).

    Deus Constituit Regna God establishes kingdoms (Ni jmegen).

    Deus Dat Qui Vult God gives to him who wishes (Hanau- Munzenberg).

    Deus et Dominus God and Lord (Rome, 3rd century).

    Deus in Adiutorium Meum Intende God stretch out in my assistance (France).

    Deus Providebit God will provide (Lowenstein- Wertheim-Virneburg).

    Deus Refugium Meum God is my refuge (Cleve).

    Deus Solatium Meum God is my comfort (Sweden).

    Dextera Domini Exaltavit Me The right hand of God has raised me up (Modena, Spain).

    Dextra Dei Exalta Me The right hand of God exalts me (Denmark).

    Dieu et Mon Droit God and my right (Britain, George IV).

    Dilexit Dns Andream The Lord delights in St Andrew (Holstein).

    Dilexit Dominus Decorem lustitiae The Lord is pleased with the beauty of justice (Unterwalden).

    Dirige Deus Gressus Meos O God, direct my steps (Tuscany, Britain, Una £5).

    Discerne Causam Meam Distinguish my cause (Savoy).

    Divina Benedictiae et Caesarea lustitia Sacrifice of blessings and imperial justice (Coblenz).

    Dn Ihs Chs Rex Regnantium Lord Jesus Christ, King of Kings (Rome, Justinian II).

    Dns Ptetor Ms Z Lib’ator Ms The Lord is my protector and liberator (Scotland, David II).

    Dominabitur Gentium et Ipse He himself will also be lord of the nations (Austrian Netherlands).

    Domine Conserva Nos in Pace O Lord preserve us in peace (Basle, Mulhausen).

    Domine Elegisti Lilium Tibi O Lord Thou hast chosen the lily for Thyself (France, Louis XIV).

    Domine ne in Furore Tuo Arguas Me O Lord rebuke me not in Thine anger (England, Edward III).

    Domine Probasti Me et Congnovisti Me O Lord Thou hast tested me and recognised me (Mantua).

    Domini est Regnum The Kingdom is the Lord’s (Austrian Netherlands).

    Dominus Deus Omnipotens Rex Lord God, almighty King (Viking coins).

    Dominus Mihi Adiutor The Lord is my helper (Spanish Netherlands).

    Dominus Providebit The Lord will provide (Berne).

    Dominus Spes Populi Sui The Lord is the hope of his people (Lucerne).

    Donum Dei ex Fodinis Vilmariens A gift of God from the Vilmar mines (Coblenz).

    Duce Deo Fide et Justicia By faith and justice lead us to God (Ragusa).

    Dum Praemor Amplior I increase while I die prematurely (Savoy).

    Dum Spiro Spero While I live, I hope (Pontefract siege coins).

    Dum Totum Compleat Orbem Until it fills the world (France, Henri II).

    Dura Pati Virtus Valour endures hardships (Saxe- Lauenburg).

    Durae Necessitatis Through force of necessity (Bommel siege, 1599).

    Durum Telum Necessitas Hardship is a weapon of necessity (Minden).

    Dux et Gubernatores Reip Genu Duke and governors of the republic of Genoa (Genoa).

    E Pluribus Unum One out of more (USA).

    Eccl S. Barbarae Patronae Fodin

    Kuttenbergensium Duo Flor Arg Puri The church of St Barbara, patron of the Kuttensberg mines, two florins of pure silver (Hungary).

    Een en Ondelbaer Sterk One and indivisible (Batavian Republic).

    Eendracht Mag Macht Unity makes strength (Belgium, South African Republic).

    Einigkeit Recht und Freiheit Union, right and freedom (Germany).

    Electorus Saxoniae Administrator Elector and administrator of Saxony (Saxony).

    Elimosina Alms (France, Pepin).

    Ep Fris & Ratisb Ad Prum Pp Coad Aug Bishop of Freising and Regensburg, administrator of Pruem, prince-provost, co-adjutant bishop of Augsburg (Trier).

    Equa Libertas Deo Gratia Frat Pax in Virtute Tua et in Domino Confido I believe in equal liberty by the grace of God, brotherly love in Thy valour and in the Lord (Burgundy).

    Equitas ludicia Tua Dom Equity and Thy judgments O Lord (Gelderland).

    Espoir Me Conforte Hope comforts me (Mansfeld).

    Espreuve Faicto Par Lexpres Commandement du Roy Proof made by the express commandment of the King (France, piedforts).

    Et in Minimis Integer Faithful even in the smallest things (Olmutz).

    Ex Auro Argentes Resurgit From gold it arises, silver again (Sicily).

    Ex Auro Sinico From Chinese gold (Denmark).

    Ex Flammis Orior I arise from the flames (Hohenlohe-Neuenstein-Ohringen).

    Ex Fodinis Bipontio Seelbergensibus From the Seelberg mines of Zweibrucken (Pfalz- Birkenfeld).

    Ex Metallo Novo From new metal (Spain).

    Ex Uno Omnis Nostra Salus From one is all our salvation (Eichstadt, Mulhouse).

    Ex Vasis Argent Cleri Mogunt Pro Aris et Focis From the silver vessels of the clergy of Mainz for altars and for hearths (Mainz).

    Ex Visceribus Fodinse Bieber From the bowels of the Bieber mine (Hanau-Munzenberg).

    Exaltabitur in Gloria He shall be exalted in glory (England, quarter nobles).

    Exemplum Probati Numismatis An example of a proof coin (France, Louis XIII piedforts).

    Exemtae Eccle Passau Episc et SRI Princ Prince Bishop of the freed church of Passau, prince of the Holy Roman Empire (Passau).

    Expectate Veni Come, o expected one (Roman Britain, Carausius).

    Extremum Subidium Campen Kampen under extreme siege (Kampen, 1578).

    Exurgat Deus et Dissipentur Inimici Eius Let God arise and let His enemies be scattered

    (England, James I).

    Faciam Eos in Gentem Unam I will make them one nation (England, unites and laurels).

    Faith and Truth I will Bear unto You (UK E5,1993). Fata Consiliis Potiora The fates are more powerful than councils (Hesse-Cassel).

    Fata Viam Invenient The fates will find a way (Gelderland).

    Fecit Potentiam in Brachio Suo He put power in your forearm (Lorraine).

    Fecunditas Fertility (Naples and Sicily).

    Fel Temp Reparatio The restoration of lucky times (Rome, AD 348).

    Felicitas Perpetua Everlasting good fortune (Rome, Constantius II).

    Felix coniunctio Happy Union (Brandenburg- Ansbach).

    Fiat Misericordia Tua Dne Let Thy mercy be O Lord (Gelderland).

    Fiat Voluntas Domini Perpetuo Let the goodwill of the Lord last for ever (Fulda).

    Fidei Defensor Defender of the Faith (Britain). Fidelitate et Fortitudine With fidelity and fortitude (Batthanyi).

    Fideliter et Constanter Faithfully and steadfastly (Saxe-Coburg-Gotha).

    Fidem Servando Patriam Tuendo By keeping faith and protecting the fatherland (Savoy).

    Filius Augustorum Son of emperors (Rome, 4th century).

    Fisci ludaici Calumnia Sublata The false accusation of the Jewish tax lifted (Rome, Nerva).

    Florent Concordia Regna Through harmony kingdoms flourish (England, Charles I and II).

    Fortitudo et Laus Mea Dominu Fortitude and my praise in the Lord (Sardinia).

    Free Trade to Africa by Act of Parliment (Sic)

    (Gold Coast).

    Friedt Ernehrt Unfriedt Verzehrt Peace nourishes, unrest wastes (Brunswick).

    Fulgent Sic Littora Rheni Thus shine the banks of the Rhine (Mannheim).

    Fundator Pacis Founder of peace (Rome, Severus).

    Gaudium Populi Romani The joy of the Roman people (Rome, 4th century).

    Gen C Mar VI Dim Col USC & RAMAI Cons & S Conf M General field marshal, colonel of the only dragoon regiment, present privy councillor of both their sacred imperial and royal apostolic majesties, and state conference minister (Batthanyi).

    Gerecht und Beharrlich Just and steadfast (Bavaria).

    Germ Hun Boh Rex AAD Loth Ven Sal King of Germany, Hungary and Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, Duke of Lorraine, Venice and Salzburg (Austria).

    Germ Jero Rex Loth Bar Mag Het Dux King of Germany, Jerusalem, Lorraine and Bar, Grand Duke of Tuscany (Austrian Netherlands).

    Germania Voti Compos Germany sharing the vows (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Gloria ex Amore Patriae Glory from love of country (Denmark).

    Gloria in Excelsis Deo Glory to God in the highest (France, Sweden).

    Gloria Novi Saeculi The glory of a new century (Rome, Gratian).

    God With Us (England, Commonwealth).

    Godt Met Ons God with us (Oudewater).

    Gottes Freundt der Pfaffen Feindt God’s friend, the Pope’s enemy (Brunswick, Christian).

    Gratia Dei Sum Id Quod Sum By the grace of God, I am what I am (Navarre).

    Gratia Di Rex By the grace of God, king (France, 8th century).

    Gratitudo Concivibus Exemplum Posteritati Gratitude to fellow Citizens, an example to posterity (Poland).

    Gud och Folket God and the people (Sweden).

    Hac Nitimur Hanc Tuemur With this we strive, this we shall defend (Batavian Republic).

    Hac Sub Tutela Under this protection (Eichstadt).

    Haec Sunt Munera Minerae S Antony

    Eremitae These are the rewards of the mine of St Antony the hermit (Hildesheim).

    Hanc Deus Dedit God has given this (Pontefract siege coins).

    Hanc Tuemur Hac Nitimur This we defend, by this we strive (Batavian Republic).

    Has Nisi Periturus Mihi Adimat Nemo Let no one remove these (Letters) from me under penalty of death (Commonwealth, edge inscription).

    Henricus Rosas Regna Jacobus Henry (united) the roses, James the kingdoms (England and Scotland, James VI and I).

    Herculeo Vincta Nodo Bound by a Herculean fetter (Savoy).

    Herr Nach Deinem Willen O Lord Thy will be done (Palatinate, Erbach).

    Herre Gott Verleich Uns Gnade Lord God grant us grace (Brunswick).

    Hie Est Qui Multum Orat Pro Populo Here is he who prays a lot for the people (Paderborn).

    Hir Steid te Biscop Here is represented the bishop (Gittelde).

    His Ventis Vela Levantur By these winds the sails are raised up (Hesse-Cassel).

    Hispaniarum Infans Infante of Spain and its dominions (Spain).

    Hispaniarum et Ind Rex King of Spain and the Indies.

    Hispaniarum Rex King of Spain (Spain).

    Hoc Signo Victor Eris With this sign you will be victor (Rome, Vetranio).

    Honeste et Decenter Honestly and decently (Nassau-ldstein).

    Honi Soit Qui Mai y Pense Evil to him who evil thinks (Britain, George III).

    Honni Soit Qui Mai y Pense (Hesse-Cassel).

    Hospitalis et S Sepul Hierusal Hospital and Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (Malta).

    Hun Boh Gal Rex AA Lo Wi et in Fr Dux King of Hungary, Bohemia and Galicia, Archduke of Austria, Dalmatia, Lodomeria, Wurzburg and Duke in Franconia (Austria).

    Hung Boh Lomb et Ven Gal Lod III Rex Aa King of Hungary, Bohemia, Lombardo-Venezia,

    Galicia, Lodomeria and Illyria, Archduke of Austria (Austria).

    Ich Dien I serve (Aberystwyth 2d, UK 2p).

    Ich Getrawe Got in Aller Noth I trust in God in all

    my needs (Hesse-Marburg).

    Ich Habe Nur Ein Vaterland und das Heisst Deutschland I have only one fatherland and that is called Germany (Germany).

    lelithes Penniae Penny of Gittelde (Gittelde, 11th century).

    lesus Autem Transiens Per Medium lllorum Ibat But Jesus, passing through the midst of them, went His way (England, Scotland, Anglo- Gallic).

    lesus Rex Noster et Deus Noster Jesus is our king and our God (Florence).

    Ihs Xs Rex Regnantium Jesus Christ, King of Kings (Byzantine Empire).

    Ihsus Xristus Basileu Baslie Jesus Christ, King of Kings (Byzantine Empire).

    Imago Sanch Regis lliustris Castelle Legionis e Toleto The image of Sancho the illustrious king of Castile, Leon and Toledo.

    In Casus Per Vigil Omnes In all seasons through vigil (Wertheim).

    In Deo Meo Transgrediar Murum In my God I shall pass through walls (Teschen).

    In Deo Spes Mea In God is my hope (Gelderland).

    In Domino Fiducia Nostra In the Lord is our trust (lever).

    In Equitate Tua Vivificasti Me In thy equity Thou hast vivified me (Gelderland).

    In God We Trust (USA).

    In Hoc Signo Vinces In this sign shalt thou conquer (Portugal).

    In Honore Sci Mavrici Marti In honour of the martyr St Maurice (St Maurice, 8th century).

    In Manibus Domini sortes Meae In the hands of the Lord are my fates (Mainz siege, 1688-9).

    In Memor Vindicatae Libere ac Relig In memory of the establishment of freedom and religion (Sweden).

    In Memoriam Conjunctionis Utriusque

    Burgraviatus Norice In memory of the union of both burgraviates in peace (Brandenburg- Ansbach).

    In Memorian Connub Feliciaes Inter Princ Her Frider Carol et Dub Sax August Louis Frider Rodas D 28 Nov 1780 Celebrati In memory of the most happy marriage between the hereditary prince Friedrich Karl and the Duchess of Saxony Augusta Louisa Frederika, celebrated on 28 Nov 1780 (Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt).

    In Memorian Felicisssimi Matrimonii In memory of the most happy marriage (Wied).

    In Memoriam Pacis Teschinensis Commem orating the Treaty of Teschen (Brandenburg- Ansbach).

    In Nomine Domini Amen In the name of the Lord amen (Zaltbommel).

    In Omnem Terram Sonus Eorum In to all the land theirshall go sound (Chateau Renault, Papal States).

    In Silencio et Spe Fortitudo Mea In silence and hope is my fortitude (Brandenburg-Kustrin).

    In Spe et Silentio Fortitudo Mea In hope and

    silence is my fortitude (Wanen).

    In Te Domine Confido In you O Lord I place my

    trust (Hesse).

    In Te Domine Speravi In You, O Lord, I have

    hoped (Gurk).

    In Terra Pax Peace in the land (Papacy).

    In Via Virtuti Nulla Via There is no way for virtue

    on the way. (Veldenz).

    Ind Imp, Indiae Imperator, Imperatrix Emperor

    (Empress) of India (Britain).

    India Tibi Cessit India has yielded to thee

    (Portuguese India).

    Infestus Infestis Hostile to the troublesome


    Inimicos Eius tnduam Confusione As for his

    enemies, I shall clothe them in shame (Sardinia,

    England, Edward VI).

    Insignia Capituli Brixensis The badge of the

    chapter of Brixen (Brixen).

    Isti Sunt Patres Tui Verique Pastores These are your fathers and true shepherds (Papacy),

    ludicium Melius Posteritatis Erit Posterity’s judgment will be better (Paderborn).

    lure et Tempore By right and time (Groningen), lusques a Sa Plenitude As far as your plenitude

    (France, Henri 11).

    luste et Constanter Justly and constantly (Paderborn).

    lustirt Adjusted (Hesse-Cassel).

    lustitia et Concordia Justice and harmony

    ‘ (Zurich).

    lustitia et Mansuetudine By justice and mildness (Bavaria, Cologne), lustitia Regnorum Fundamentum Justice is the foundation of kingdoms (Austria), lustitia Thronum Firmat Justice strengthens the throne (England, Charles I), lustus Non Derelinquitur The just person is not deserted (Brandenburg-Calenberg).

    lustus Ut Palma Florebit The just will flourish tike the palm (Portugal).

    L Mun Planco Rauracorum Hlustratori Vetustis- simo To L Municius Plancus the most ancient and celebrated of the Rauraci (Basle).

    Landgr in Cleggov Com in Sulz Dux Crum Landgrave of Klettgau, count of Sulz, duke of Krumlau (Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen).

    Latina Emeri Munita Latin money of Merida (Suevi).

    Lege et Fide By law and faith (Austria).

    Lex Tua Veritas Thy law is the truth (Tuscany). Liberta Eguaglianza Freedom and equality (Venice)

    Libertad en la Ley Freedom within the law (Mexico).

    Libertas Carior Auro Freedom is dearer than qold

    (St Gall).

    Libertas Vita Carior Freedom is dearer than life (Kulenberg).

    Libertas Xpo Firmata Freedom strengthened by Christ (Genoa).

    Liberte, Egalite, Fraternite fraternity (France).

    Lucerna Pedibus Meis Verbum Est Thy word is a lamp unto mine feet (England, Edward VI).

    Lumen ad Revelationem Gentium Light to enlighten the nations (Papacy)

    Mandavit Dominus Palatie hanc Monetam Fiert The lord of the Palatine ordained this c

    to be made (Balath).

    Manibus Ne Laedar Avaris greedy hands (Sweden).

    Mar Bran Sac Rom Imp Arcam et Elec Sup Dux Siles Margrave of Brandenburg,

    archchamberlain of the Holy Roman Empire and elector, senior duke of Silesia (Prussia).

    Maria Mater Domini Xpi Mary mother of Christ Lest I be injured by the Lord (Teutonic Knights).

    Maria Unxit Pedes Xpisti Mary washes the Christ (France, Rene d’Anjou). _

    Mater Castrorum Mother of fortresses (Rome Marcus Aurelius).

    Matrimonio Conjunct! Joined in wedlock (Austria).

    Me Coniunctio Servat Dum Scinditur Frangor The relationship serves me when I am being torn to pieces (Lowenstein-Wertheimj-MediolaniDux Duke of Milan (Milan).

    Memor Ero Tui lustina Virgo I shall remember you, o maiden Justina (Venice). .

    Merces Laborum Wages of work (Wurzburg)- Mirabilia Fecit He wrought marvels (Viking coinage). King by the mercy of God.

    Mon Nova Arg Due Curl Ad Norma Tal Alb New silver coin of the duchy of Courland, according

    to the standard of the Albert thaler (Courland).

    Mon Nov Castri Imp New coin of the Imperial free city of… (Friedberg).

    Moneta Bipont Coin of Zweibrucken (Pfalz- Birkenfeld-Zweibrucken).

    Monet Capit Cathedr Fuld Sede Vacante Coin of the cathedral chapter of Fulda, the see being vacant (Fulda).

    Moneta in Obsidione Tornacensi Cusa Coin struck during the siege of Tournai (Tournai,


    Moneta Livosesthonica Coin of Livonia (Estonia).

    Moneta Nov Arg Regis Daniae New silver coin of the king of Denmark (Denmark).

    Moneta Nova Ad Norman Conventionis New coin according to the Convention standard (Orsi ni- Rosenberg).

    Moneta Nova Domini Imperatoris New coin of the lord emperor (Brunswick, 13th century).

    Moneta Nova Lubecensis New coin of Lubeck.

    Moneta Nova Reipublicae Halae Suevicae New coin of the republic of Hall in Swabia.

    Moneta Reipublicae Ratisbonensis Coin of the republic of Regensburg.

    Nach Alt Reichs Schrot und Korn According to the old empire’s grits and grain (Hesse).

    Nach dem Conventions Fusse According to the Convention’s basis (German Conventionsthalers).

    Nach dem Frankf Schlus According to the Frankfurt standard (Solms).

    Nach dem Schlus der V Staend According to the standard of the union (Hesse).

    Navigare Necesse Est It is necessary to navigate (Germany).

    Nec Aspera Terrent Nor do difficulties terrify (Brunswick).

    Nec Cito Nec Temere Neither hastily nor rashlly (Cambrai).

    Nec Numina Desunt Nor is the divine will absent (Savoy).

    Nec Temere Nec Timide Neither rashly nor timidly (Danzig, Lippe).

    Necessitas Legem Non Habet Necessity has no law (Magdeburg).

    Nemo Me Impune Lacessit No one touches me with impunity (UK, Scottish pound edge inscription).

    Nihil Restat Reliqui No relic remains (Ypres).

    Nil Ultra Aras Nothing beyond the rocks (Franque-mont).

    No Nobis Dne Sed Noi Tuo Da Gloriam Not to us, o Lord but to Thy name be glory given (France, Francis I).

    Nobilissimum Dorn Ac Com in Lipp & St Most noble lord and count in Lippe and Sternberg (Schaumburg-Lippe).

    Nomen Domini Turris Fortissima The name of the Lord is the strongest tower (Frankfurt).

    Non Aes Sed Fides Not bronze but trust (Malta).

    Non Est Mortale Quod Opto What I desire is not mortal. (Mecklenburg).

    Non Mihi Sed Populo Not to me but to the people (Bavaria).

    Non Relinquam Vos Orphanos I shall not leave you as orphans (Papacy).

    Non Surrexit Major None greater has arisen (Genoa, Malta).

    Nullum Simulatum Diuturnum Tandem Nothing that is feigned lasts long (Wittgenstein).

    Nummorum Famulus The servant of the coinage (England, tin halfpence and farthings).

    Nunquam Retrorsum Never backwards (Bru nswick-Wolfenbuttel).

    O Crux Ave Spes Unica Hail, o Cross, our only hope (England half-angels, France, Rene d’Anjou).

    O Maria Ora Pro Me O Mary pray for me (Bavaria).

    Ob Cives Servatos On account of the rescued citizens (Rome, Augustus).

    Oculi Domini Super lustos The eyes of the Lord look down on the just (Neuchatel).

    Omnia Auxiliante Maria Mary helping everything (Schwyz).

    Omnia Cum Deo Everything with God (Reuss- Greiz).

    Omnia cum Deo et Nihil Sine Eo Everthing with God and nothing without Him (Erbach).

    Omnis Potestas a Deo Est All power comes from God (Sweden).

    Opp & Cam Dux Comm Rittb SCM Cons Int & Compi Mareschal Duke of Troppau and Carniola, count of Rietberg, privy councillor of his sacred imperial majesty, field marshal (Liechtenstein).

    Opp & Cam … Aur Velleris Eques Duke of Troppau … knight of the Golden Fleece (Liechtenstein).Opportune Conveniently (Savoy).

    Optimus Princeps Best prince (Rome, Trajan).

    Opulentia Salerno Wealthy Salerno (Siculo- Norman kingdom).

    Pace et lustitia With peace and justice (Spanish Netherlands).

    Pacator Orbis Pacifier of the world (Rome, Aurelian).

    Palma Sub Pondere Crescit The palm grows under its weight (Waldeck).

    Pater Noster Our Father (Flanders, 14th century).

    Pater Patriae Farther of his country (Rome, Caligula).

    Patria Si Dreptul Meu The country and my right (Roumania).

    Patrimon Henr Frid Sorte Divisum The heritage of Heinrich Friedrich divided by lot (Hohenlohe-


    Patrimonia Beati Petri The inheritance of the blessed Peter (Papacy).

    Patrona Franconiae Patron of Franconia (Wurzburg).

    Pax Aeterna Eternal peace (Rome, Marcus Aurelius).

    Pax et Abundantia Peace and plenty (Burgundy. Gelderland).

    Pax Missa Per Orbem Peace sent throughout the world (England, Anne).

    Pax Petrus Peace Peter (Trier, 10th century).

    Pax Praevalet Armis May peace prevail by force of arms (Mainz).

    Pax Quaeritur Bello Peace is sought by war (Commonwealth, Cromwell).

    Pecunia Totum Circumit Orbem Money goes round the whole world (Brazil).

    Per Aspera Ad Astra Through difficulties to the stars (Mecklenburg-Schwerin).

    Per Angusta ad Augusta Through precarious times to the majestic (Solms-Roedelheim, a pun on the name of the ruler Johan August).

    Per Crucem Tuam Salva Nos Christe Redemptor By Thy cross save us, O Christ our Redeemer (England, angels).

    Per Crucem Tuam Salva Nos Xpe Redemt By Thy cross save us, 0 Christ our Redeemer (Portugal, 15th century).

    Perdam Babillonis Nomen May the name of Babylon perish (Naples).

    Perennitati lustissimi Regis For the duration of the most just king (France, Louis XIII).

    Perennitati Principis Galliae Restitutionis For the duration of the restoration of the prince of the Gauls (France, Henri IV).

    Perfer et Obdura Bruxella Carry on and stick it out, Brussels (Brussels siege, 1579-80).

    Perpetuus in Nemet Vivar Hereditary count in Nemt-Ujvar (Batthanyi).

    Pietate et Constantia By piety and constancy (Fulda).

    Pietate et lustitia By piety and justice (Denmark). Plebei Urbanae Frumento Constituto Free distribu-tion of grain to the urban working-class established (Rome, Nerva).

    Pleidio Wyf Im Gwlad True am I to my country (UK, Welsh pound edge inscription).

    Plus Ultra Beyond (the Pillars of Hercules)

    (Spanish America).

    Point du Couronne sans Peine Point of the crown without penalty (Coburg).

    Pons Civit Castellana The bridge of the town of Castellana (Papacy).

    Populus et Senatus Bonon The people and senate of Bologna (Bologna).

    Post Mortem Patris Pro Filio For the son after his father’s death (Pontefract siege coins).

    Post Tenebras Lux After darkness light (Geneva). Post Tenebras Spero Lucem After darkness I hope for light (Geneva).

    Posui Deum Adiutorem Meum I have made God my helper (England, Ireland, 1351-1603).

    Praesidium et Decus Protection and ornament


    Prima Sedes Galliarum First see of the Gauls


    Primitiae Fodin Kuttenb ab Aerari Iterum Susceptarum First results dug from the

    Kuttenberg mines in a renewed undertaking (Austria).

    Princps luventutis Prince of youth (Roman Empire).

    Pro Defensione Urbis et Patriae For the defence

    of city and country (France. Louis XIV).

    Pro Deo et Patria For God and the fatherland


    Pro Deo et Populo For God and the people


    Pro Ecclesia et Pro Patria For the church and the

    fatherland (Constance).

    Pro Fausio PP Reitur VS For happy returns of the princes of the Two Sicilies (Naples and Sicily).

    Pro Lege et Grege For law and the flock (Fulda). Pro maximo Dei Gloria et Bono Publico For the greatest glory of God and the good of the people (Wurttemberg).

    Pro Patria For the fatherland (Wurzburg).

    Propitio Deo Secura Ago With God’s favour I lead a secure life. (Saxe-Lauenburg).

    Protector Literis Literae Nummis Corona et Protector Literis Literae Nummis Corona et

    Salus A protection to the letters (on the face of the coin), the letters (on the edge) are a garland and a safeguard to the coinage (Commonwealth, Cromwell broad).

    Protege Virgo Pisas Protect Pisa, O Virgin (Pisa). Provide et Constanter Wisely and firmly (Wurttem-berg).

    Providentia et Pactis Through foresight and pacts (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Providentia Optimi Principis With the foresight of the best prince (Naples and Sicily).

    Proxima Fisica Finis Nearest to natural end (Orciano).

    Proxima Soli Nearest to the sun (Modena).

    Pulcra Virtutis Imago The beautiful image of virtue (Genoa).

    Pupillum et Viduam Suscipiat May he support the orphan and the widow (Savoy).

    Quae Deus Conjunxit Nemo Separet What God hath joined let no man put asunder (England, James I).

    Quem Quadragesies et Semel Patriae Natum Esse Gratulamur Whom we congratulate for the forty-first time for being born for the fatherland (Lippe-Detmold).

    Qui Dat Pauperi Non Indigebit Who gives to the poor will never be in need (Munster).

    Quid Non Cogit Necessitas To what does Necessity not drive. (Ypres).

    Quin Matrimonii Lustrum Celebrant They celebrate their silver wedding (Austria, 1879).

    Quocunque Gesseris (Jeceris) Stabit Which ever way you throw it it will stand (Isle of Man).

    Quod Deus Vult Hoc Semper Fit What God wishes always occurs. (Saxe-Weimar).

    Rolinquo Vos Liberos ab Utroque Homine I leave you as children of each man (San Marino).

    Restauracao da Independencia Restoration of ‘nde-pendence (Portugal, 1990).

    Restitutor Exercitus Restorer of the army (Rome, Aurelian).

    Restitutor Galliarum Restorer of the Gauls (Rome, Gallienus).

    Restitutor Generis Humani Restorer of mankind (Rome, Valerian).

    Restitutor Libertatis Restorer of freedom (Rome, Constantine).

    Restitutor Orbis Restorer of the world (Rome, Valerian).

    Restitutor Orientis Restorer of the east (Rome, Valerian).

    Restitutor Saeculi Restorer of the century (Rome, Valerian).

    Restitutor U rbis Restorer of the city (Rome, Severus).

    Rosa Americana Utile Dulci The American rose, useful and sweet (American colonies).

    Rosa Sine Spina A rose without a thorn (England, Tudor coins).

    Rutilans Rosa Sine Spina A dazzling rose without a thorn (England, Tudor gold coins).

    S Annae Fundgruben Ausb Tha in N Oe Mining thaler of the St Anne mine in Lower Austria (Austria)

    S Ap S Leg Nat Germ Primas Legate of the Holy Apostolic See, born Primate of Germany (Salzburg).

    S Carolus Magnus Fundator Charlemagne founder (Munster).

    S. Gertrudis Virgo Prudens Niviella St Gertrude the wise virgin of Nivelles (Nivelles).

    S. Ian Bapt F. Zachari St John the Baptist, son of Zachary (Florence).

    S. Kilianus Cum Sociis Francorum Apostoli St Kilian and his companions, apostles to the Franks (Wurzburg).

    S. Lambertus Patronus Leodiensis St Lambert, patron of Liege (Liege).

    Sac Nupt Celeb Berol For the holy matrimony celebrated at Berlin (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Sac Rom Imp Holy Roman Empire (German states).

    Sac Rom Imp Provisor Iterum Administrator of the Holy Roman Empire for the second time (Saxony).

    Salus Generis Humani Safety of mankind (Rome, Vindex).

    Salus Patriae Safety of the fatherland (Italy).

    Salus Populi The safety of the people (Spain).

    Salus Provinciarum Safety of the provinces (Rome, Postumus).

    Salus Publica Salus Mea Public safety is my safety (Sweden).

    Salus Reipublicae The safety of the republic (Rome, Theodosius II).

    Salus Reipublicae Suprema Lex The safety of the republic is the supreme law (Poland).

    Salvam Fac Rempublicam Tuam Make your state safe (San Marino). ,

    Sanctus lohannes Innoce St John the harmless (Gandersheim).

    Sans Changer Without changing (Isle of Man).

    Sans Eclat Without pomp (Bouchain siege, 1711).

    Sapiente Diffidentia Wise distrust (Teschen).

    Scutum Fidei Proteget Eum Earn The shield of faith shall protect him / her (England, Edward VI and Elizabeth I).

    Secundum Voluntatem Tuam Domine Your favourable will o Lord (Hesse).

    Securitati Publicae For the public safety (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Sede Vacante The see being vacant (Papal states, Vatican and ecclesiastical coinage).

    Sena Vetus Alpha et W Principum et Finis Old Siena alpha and omega, the beginning and the end (Siena).

    Senatus Populus QR Senate and people or Home (Rome, 1188). _ . .

    Si Deus Nobiscum Quis Contra Nos If God is

    with us who can oppose us (Hesse).

    Si Deus Pro Nobis Quis Contra Nos If God is for us who can oppose us (Roemhild).

    Sieh Deine Seeligkeit Steht Fest Ins Vaters Liebe Behold thy salvation stands surely in thy Father’s love (Gotha).

    Signis Receptis When the standards had been recovered (Rome, Augustus).

    Signum Crucis The sign of the cross (Groningen).

    Sincere et Constanter Truthfully and steadfastly (Hesse-Darmstadt).

    Sit Nomen Domini Benedictum Blessed be the name of the Lord (Burgundy, Strasbourg).

    St T X Adiuto Reg Iste Domba Let it be to you, o Christ, the assistant to the king of Dombes (Dombes).

    Sit Tibi Xpe Dat q’tu Regis Iste Ducat May this duchy which Thou rulest be given to Thee, O Christ (Venice, ducat).

    Sit Unio Haec Perennis May this union last for ever (Hohenlohe-Langenberg).

    Sola Bona Quae Honesta The only good things are those which are honest (Brunswick).

    Sola Facta Deum Sequor Through deeds alone I strive to follow God (Milan).

    Soli Deo Honor et Gloria To God alone be honour and glory (Nassau).

    Soli Reduci To him, the only one restored (Naples and Sicily).

    Solius Virtutis Flos Perpetuus The flower of Virtue alone is perpetual (Strasbourg).

    Spes Confisa Deo Nunquam Confusa Recedit Hope entrusted in God never retreats in a disorderly fashion (Lippe).

    Spes Nr Deus God is our hope (Oudenarde siege, 1582).

    Spes Rei Publicae The hope of the republic (Rome, Valens).

    Strena ex Argyrocopeo Vallis S Christoph A New Year’s gift from the silver-bearing valley of St Christopher (Wurttemberg, 1625).

    Sub His Secura Spes Clupeus Omnibus in Te Sperantibus Under these hope is safe, a shield for all who reside hope in Thee (Bavaria).

    Sub Pondere Under weight (Fulda).

    Sub Protectione Caesarea Under imperial protection (Soragna).

    Sub Tuum Praesidium Confug We flee to Thy protection (Salzburg).

    Sub Umbra Alarum Tuarum Under the shadow of Thy wings (lever, Scotland, James V).

    Subditorum Salus Felicitas Summa The safety of the subjects is the highest happiness (Lubeck).

    Sufficit Mihi Gratia Tua Domine Sufficient to me is Thy grace, o Lord (Ploen).

    Supra Firmam Petram Upon a firm rock (Papacy).

    Susceptor Noster Deus God is ourdefence(Tuscany).

    Sydera Favent Industriae The stars favour industry (Furstenberg).

    Sylvarum Culturae Praemium Prize for the culture of the forest (Brandenburg-Ansbach).

    Tali Dicata Signo Mens Fluctuari Nequit Consecrated by such a sign the mind cannot waver (England, Henry VIII George noble).

    Tandem Bona Caus Triumphat A good cause eventually triumphs (Dillenburg).

    Tandem Fortuna Obstetrice With good luck ultimately as the midwife (Wittgenstein).

    Te Stante Virebo With you at my side I shall be strong (Moravia).

    Tene Mensuram et Respice Finem Hold the measure and look to the end (Burgundy).

    Tert Ducat Secular Tercentenary of the duchy (Wurttemberg).

    Thu Recht Schev Niemand Go with right and fear no one (Saxe-Lauenburg).

    Tibi Laus et Gloria To Thee be praise and glory (Venice).

    Timor Domini Fons Vitae The fear of the Lord is a fountain of life (England, Edward VI shillings).

    Tout Avec Dieu Everything with God (Brunswick, 1626).

    Traiectum ad Mosam The crossing of the Maas (Maastricht).

    Transvolat Nubila Virtus Marriageable virtue soon flies past (Grueyeres).

    Travail, Famille, Patrie Work, family, country (Vichy France).

    Triumphator Gent Barb Victor over the barbarian people (Byzantine Empire, Arcadius).

    Tueatur Unita Deus May God guard these united (Kingdoms) (England, James I; Britain, 1847).

    Turck Blegert Wien Vienna besieged by the Turks (Vienna, 1531).

    Tut Mar Gab Pr Vid de Lobk Nat Pr Sab Car et Aug Pr de Lobk Regency of Maria Gabriela, widow of the prince of Lobkowitz, born princess of Savoy-Carignan, and August prince of Lobkowitz (Lobkowitz).

    Tutela Italiae The guardianship of Italy (Rome, Nerva).

    Ubi Vult Spirat He breathes where he will (Papacy).

    Ubique Pax Peace everywhere (Rome, Gallienus).

    Union et Force Union and strength (France).

    Urbe Obsessa The city under siege (Maastricht).

    Urbem Virgo Tuam Serva Protects thy city o virgin (Mary) (Strasbourg).

    USC & RAM Cons Int Gen C Mar & Nob Praet H Turmae Capit Privy councillor of both their holy imperial and royal apostolic majesties, general field marshal and captain of the noble praetorian Hungarian squadrons (Eszterhazy).

    Veni Luumen Cordium Come light of hearts (Vatican).

    Veni Sancte Spiritus Come Holy Ghost (Vatican).

    Verbum Domini Manet in Aeternum The word of the Lord abides forever (Hesse-Darmstadt, Veldenz).

    Veritas Lex Tua The truth is your law (Salzburg).

    Veritas Temporis Filia Truth is the daughter of time (England and Ireland, Mary Tudor).

    Veritate et Labore By truth and work (Wittgenstein).

    Veritate et lustitia By truth and justice (German states).

    Victoria Principum The victory of princes (Ostrogoths).

    Videant Pauperes et Laetentur Let the poor see and rejoice (Tuscany).

    Virgo Maria Protege Civitatem Savonae Virgin Mary Protect the city of Savona (Savona).

    Viribus Unitis With united strength (Austria).

    Virtute et Fidelitate By virtue and faithfulness (Hesse-Cassel).

    Virtute et Prudentia With virtue and prudence (Auersperg).

    Virtute Viam Dimetiar I shall mark the way with valour (Waldeck).

    Virtutis Gloria Merces Glory is the reward of valour (Holstein-Gottorp).

    Vis Unita Concordia Fratrum Fortior United power is the stronger harmony of brothers (Mansfeld).

    Visitavit Nos Oriens ex Alto He has visited us arising on high (Luneburg).

    Vivit Post Funera He lives after death (Bremen).

    Vota Optata Romae Fel Vows taken for the luck of Rome (Rome, Maxentius).

    Vox de Throno A voice from the throne (Papacy).

    Was Got Beschert Bleibet Unerwert What God hath endowed leave undisturbed

    Wider macht und List Mein Fels Gott 1st Against might and trickery God is my rock (Hesse- Cassel).

    Xpc Vincit Xpc Regnat Christ conquers, Christ reigns (Scotland, Spain).

    Xpc Vivet Xpc Regnat Xpc Impat Christ lives, Christ reigns, Christ commands (Cambrai).

    Xpe Resurescit Christ lives again (Venice).

    Xpistiana Religio Christian religion (Carolingian Empire).

    Xps Ihs Elegit me Regem Populo Jesus Christ chose me as king to the people (Norway).

    Zelator Fidei Usque ad Montem An upholder of the faith through and through (Portugal).

    Zum Besten des Vaterlands To the best of the fatherland (Bamberg).


    Please enter your comment!
    Please enter your name here